The eye is a very complex organ that is easily susceptible to injury. It is important to know about common eye injuries and trauma and what should be done immediately following an injury.
A corneal abrasion is a scratch on the surface of the eye. This type of injury can occur if you get poked in the eye, rub the surface of your eye, or get something in your eyes, such as sand or dust. You won't be able to see the abrasion with the naked eye. A corneal abrasion feels like you have something stuck in your eye, but what you’re really feeling are the tiny imperfections on the surface of your eye that the abrasion has caused. Abrasions typically result in redness of the eye, sensitivity to light, and pain. If left untreated, a scratched cornea can make your eye susceptible to a bacterial or fungal infection. If you are suffering from a corneal abrasion, you should see your eye doctor as soon as possible. Your eye doctor may give you antibiotics to prevent infection, and in some cases, put a bandage contact lens on your eye.
A foreign object in your eye can be painful. In some cases, your eye will push a foreign body out on its own. In other cases, an object may penetrate your eye. Never use your finger or another object to fish a foreign object out of your own eye. Instead, schedule an appointment with your eye doctor to have it carefully removed. If the object scratched your eye, you may need further treatment.
If you get chemicals in your eyes, first flush your eyes with water. Keep a steady stream of warm water in your eyes for 15 to 20 minutes. Never rub your eyes or dry them with a towel following chemical exposure. To ensure that the chemicals didn't cause any damage, you should see your eye doctor right away.
If you sustained a blow to your eye during an assault, while playing sports, or in an accident, see your eye doctor right away. You could experience something minor such as a subconjunctival hemorrhage (eye-bleeding), which may not require treatment and will almost never cause vision loss. However, physical trauma could cause a detached retina, traumatic iritis, or even an orbital blowout fracture. These types of injuries require immediate medical attention before permanent damage is caused.